Reconciliation Action Plan
The Association of Independent Schools of South Australia is built on the belief that autonomy, respect and integrity infuse all aspects of our relationships with one another and the communities we support. Strengthening relationships with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and learning more about their cultures, lands and histories are important to the AISSA and to our member schools. It is our aim to increase cultural understanding, appreciation and respect for the history and traditions of Australia’s First Peoples. The AISSA’s commitment to reconciliation is embedded in our organisational culture. Our 2015-2018 Reconciliation Action Plan documents our vision for reconciliation and the actions we are taking to promote reconciliation.
We believe that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander histories and cultures are foundational to our understanding of what makes Australia unique in the world. Our vision promotes a culture that strengthens respect for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples through rich, inclusive learning opportunities that deepen knowledge and understanding of the diversity within and across Australia’s First Peoples.
As a peak educational organisation that leads, supports, represents and advocates for the Independent school sector in South Australia, we actively engage in actions that recognise and respect Australia’s First Peoples and promote reconciliation between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders and non-Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders. We aspire to influence, and endeavour to support, communities within our sector and the broader community to fully embrace reconciliation.
- NRW Breakfast Reconciliation SA’s upcoming National Reconciliation Week Launch Breakfast 7.00 am – 9.00 am Monday 28 May 2018 is Walking Together: Learning, sharing and growing on Kokoda. This year’s program, which will centre around the experiences of the Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal students, teachers and young mentors who walked as part of the 2017 Kokoda Track Reconciliation Trek, is particularly relevant for schools, young people and the youth sector. Reconciliation SA are very interested in students attending this event. If you have any queries contact Reconciliation SA (email@example.com). Tickets can be booked at www.trybooking.com/UEIY.
- In March 2018 Reconciliation Australia released the 2017 RAP Impact Measurement Report. This report identifies the innovative practices in promoting reconciliation across all businesses and organisations in Australia.
- Aboriginal hair shows 50,000 years of connection to country : This research by Adelaide University provides new genetic evidence that shows continuous occupation of discrete regions by Aboriginal peoples.
- Updated Narragunnawali website: in 2017 the Narragunnawali website and RAP process was refined. Schools now need to update their Narragunnawali RAP every year to maintain it as a ‘living’ document and have it approved by the Principal and then endorsed by Narragunnawali. There is a wide range of excellent resources for teaching and professional learning. The website also provides ‘Who has a RAP?’ – a map and list of all the schools and ELCs in Australia with a current Narragunnawali endorsed RAP.
- In November 2017 the Narragunnawali Team released videos for each of the required 14 RAP actions. Many of these videos include Jack Buckskin, a proud Kaurna and Narungga man who has dedicated his life to learning and passing on his knowledge and language of the Adelaide Plains to future generations of Kaurna people. In these videos, Jack is collaborating with Briony Franklin to provide rich learning about Aboriginal language and culture for the students at Pulteney Grammar School.
- Students at Maitland Lutheran School teach a robot to speak Narunnga, the language of the traditional owners of Yorke Peninsula. Maitland Lutheran School was one of the eight schools nationally chosen in the ACARA Illustrations of Practice for their innovative work in using an emerging technology to embed the Narungga language into everyday classroom practice. Maitland Lutheran School was also profiled by the Digital Technologies Hub, Robots in South Australia, showing how integrating the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cross curriculum priority could provide an authentic way to engage with the new Digital Technologies curriculum.
Welcome to Country and Acknowledgement of Country
When people come together, they greet each other as a sign of acknowledgement and respect. The Welcome to Country and Acknowledgement of Country play important roles in acknowledging and respecting Australia’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples.
They are integral parts of recognising that our First People’s histories and cultures have been in existence for more than 55,000 years and that they are alive and of significance today. After rapid continent wide colonisation by Aboriginal Australians nearly 50,000 years ago, this is recent evidence in the DNA of discrete language groups that these groups have been continuously present in specific geographical areas dating back to 50,000 years ago. This recent research by Adelaide University adds another layer to understanding the deep Aboriginal Australian cultural attachment to their country.
While they may all no longer necessarily be the title-holders to land, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians are still connected to the Country of their ancestors and most consider themselves the custodians or caretakers of their land.
A Welcome to Country is a ceremony performed by Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander custodians or traditional owners of that country, to welcome visitors to the land of their language group. It can take many different forms depending on the culture of the traditional owners. It is usually delivered by an Elder, but can be delivered by another person. It may include singing, dancing, smoking ceremonies or a speech in the traditional language or English.
Every time a formal Welcome to Country is given it continues a long tradition that has been an important part of Australian culture – with the exception of a recent lapse of about 200 years. It was always given by way of welcome when permission was granted to visit the Country of a different language group.
An Acknowledgement of Country is a way of showing awareness of and respect for the traditional Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander owners of the land on which a meeting or event is being held. It recognises the continuing connection of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples to their Country.
Acknowledgement of Country can be made by either an Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander who is not a custodian of the land, or a non Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander person. Acknowledgement of Country contains the following key concepts:
- Acknowledgement of traditional custodians
- Traditional lands
- Paying of respect to Elders past and present
For educators wishing to learn more, Reconciliation SA provides additional information and resources about the Welcome to Country and the Acknowledgement of Country.
Contact details: Monica Williams firstname.lastname@example.org 08 81791417
Indigenous Secondary Student Mentor Program
From 2015 until the end of 2020, the AISSA will work with SA Independent schools to affirm and support Indigenous secondary students through providing a student mentoring program. The Indigenous Secondary Student Mentor Program strives to provide Indigenous students with relevant and engaging mentoring support, allowing them to grow and develop as they continue their education. The program aims to encourage social and emotional well-being, identity development and contribute towards positive educational outcomes and post-secondary school learning opportunities.
The mentoring is provided at no cost to students and parents. The program will take place during each school term and will comprise 1-1 mentoring, small group peer mentoring and e-mentoring, as well as opportunities for geographical cluster student meetings. Upon enrolment, students can be involved in the mentoring program up to the end of 2017. The program will be flexible and contextual in its approach to best accommodate the needs of the students and will work in collaboration with school staff, families and students using a strengths-based approach.
The AISSA Mentor is Justin Wilkey, proud Aboriginal man with family connections to the Ngarrindjeri peoples of the Lower Murray River. Justin’s professional background has involved many roles in working with young people; a teacher, disability support case manager and youth worker. He also has a communication background and has spent time working at the ABC as a multi-media journalist.
Contact details: Justin Wilkey email@example.com 08 8179 1437
Narragunnawali: Reconciliation in Schools and Early Learning Centres
Reconciliation is about building better relationships between the wider Australian community and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples for the benefit of all Australians. Through reconciliation, we will be part of creating an Australian culture that acknowledges and deeply respects Australia’s First Peoples as a fundamental part of our identity as a nation.
Narragunnawali: Reconciliation in Schools and Early Learning is designed to support early learning centres, primary and secondary schools in Australia ‘to develop environments that foster a higher level of knowledge and pride in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander histories, cultures and contributions.’ The Narragunnawali website gives you access to curriculum resources, professional learning resources and guidance to develop a Reconciliation Action Plan.
A Reconciliation Action Plan (RAP) is a declaration of commitment and action to promote reconciliation between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and the wider Australian community. Narragunnawali RAPs are created through an online platform designed to guide teachers and educators through the development of a Reconciliation Action Plan specifically designed for your school or early learning centre.
The documentation of the RAP can be completed online in one day and after the approval of the Principal be automatically sent to the Narragunnawali Team for endorsement. Once endorsed, the school name appears on the national ‘Who has a RAP?’ map.
An AISSA Educational Consultant can support school leaders and key teachers through the process of creating a school based RAP and provide insights that facilitate best practice in:
- implementing the RAP and
- maintaining the momentum required to make a RAP meaningful and sustainable.
Contact details: Monica Williams firstname.lastname@example.org 08 81791417
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Histories and Cultures
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander histories and cultures are foundational to what makes Australia unique in the world. We have an opportunity now, to foster pride in Australia’s First Peoples by the way we integrate their perspectives into our students’ learning. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders have 50,000 or more years of histories in Australia and today their cultures and communities are strong and diverse. As the world’s oldest living cultures and Australia’s First Peoples, there are exciting ways to weave this important knowledge into the curriculum.
The Australian Curriculum cross-curriculum priority recognises two distinct needs in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander education:
- Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students can see that their cultures and identities are valued and recognised in the curriculum of each learning area
- All students contribute to reconciliation through recognising, respecting and learning more about Australia’s First Peoples.
Contact details: Monica Williams email@example.com 08 81791417
Emerging technologies and Aboriginal culture: Maitland Lutheran School and the Narungga language
The students and teachers at Maitland Lutheran School embedded the language of the traditional owners of the land – the Narungga people, into the new ACARA Digital Technologies subject. This case study explored how Narungga, the ‘sleeping’ language of one of the oldest living cultures in the world could be reinvigorated using an emerging technology, in this case a humanoid robot.
Pink, the NAO humanoid robot was integrated into the teaching and learning at Maitland Lutheran School in South Australia as part of the process of building respect and understanding about the Narungga language and culture. In this case study, the ACARA Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cross curriculum priority was embedded into everyday classroom learning through the new Digital Technologies subject. In this case study, the school Principal worked in partnership with the local Aboriginal peoples and through them, invited the only fluent speaker of Narungga (Tania Wanganeen, a Narungga woman) to share her knowledge of Narungga language and culture with the students and teachers.
Tania developed confidence of the teachers and students to correctly speak aspects of the Narungga language and then, the teachers and the students used their knowledge of Narungga language to program Pink to speak in Narungga. The students and teachers were learning two ways of communicating simultaneously, the ancient language of Narungga and the more recent humanoid robot programming language. The video below captures some of the learning in the Year 1, 2 and Year 4 classrooms in Term 3 and 4 2016.
Peter discusses how the human like qualities of the robot fosters resilience and problem solving in students as they work collaboratively to program Pink. Peter’s Year 3 students created a program so that the humanoid robot could walk through a maze that represented parts of Australia and used Narungga place names. This actively required Year 3 students combining mathematical thinking and computational thinking so that Pink could successfully be programmed to navigate through the maze.
Acknowledgement of Country in Narungga
Students at Maitland Lutheran School on the Yorke Peninsula programmed Pink to say the Acknowledgement to Country in the Narungga language. Narungga is the language of the traditional owners of the Yorke Peninsula. The students found that the robot did not reproduce correct Narungga pronunciation from the spelling of some Narungga words, so they experimented with different phonetic combinations to create the correct pronunciation.
Year 1 and 2 students programmed Pink to do visual recognition and facial recognition
The Year 1 and Year 2 Aboriginal students created pictures of animals native to the local area prior to invasion and programmed Pink using visual recognition software to say the name for the animal in Narungga. So, when when Pink recognised the picture that had been pre-programmed by the students, she said the name of the animal in Narungga.
These students also used facial recognition software to program Pink to recognise individual student faces and then greet them in Narungga. Ameerah pictured below, programmed Pink to say ‘Nigh Ameerrah knuckle ja‘ which means ‘I see Ameerah’.
Pulteney Grammar School Case Study for Reconciliation SA
The Reconciliation SA Education Steering Committee has collaborated with Pulteney Grammar School and the AISSA to develop a case study approach that captures a whole school methodology to reconciliation. Through a series of seven vignettes, school leaders explore the philosophy and pedagogy that has transformed their school’s thinking and learning about the Australian constitution through the lens of reconciliation.
Case Study: Early Years philosophy and pedagogy into practice
The early years’ vignettes highlight teaching strategies within a Reggio Emilia philosophy that embed into daily practice, Aboriginal and Torres Islander histories and cultures. The vignettes demonstrate that very young children can engage in deep learning about complex, abstract concepts concerning justice, governance and recognition.
Whole School Thinking 1: The Principal of Pulteney, Anne Dunstan, and Head of Kurrajong, Virginia Evans, emphasise the importance of a strong vision for reconciliation.
Whole School Thinking 2: Teacher leaders Briony Franklin and Janice Copeland highlight that honouring Aboriginal peoples is fundamental to true Australian citizenship.
Community and Citizenship: Australian Citizenship involves reconciliation.
Connection to Land: Aboriginal peoples have a deep spiritual connection to the land and learning about Aboriginal cultures is more authentic for children in a natural environment.
Symbolic Writing: Ancient Aboriginal symbols empower very young Australian citizens to communicate in a written form.
Thinking and Learning in Kaurna: Learning an Aboriginal language provides a deep insight into an Aboriginal culture which fosters respect and reconciliation.
Reconciliation: Learning emerges from the children’s questions about reconciliation and provides opportunities for deep thinking.
Invitation: Future Case Studies
The AISSA invites schools interested in being part of a case study to highlight whole school methodology and pedagogical practices that build a culture of reconciliation in the Primary, Middle or Secondary context to contact Monica Williams at firstname.lastname@example.org or call 08 8179 1417.
ACARA Illustrations of Practice for the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cross curriculum priority
Reconciliation SA Annual General Report 2016-2017 (includes article about robots and Narungga language)